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Dec 17, 2008

Indonesia and Malaysia: Best Management Practise (BMP) for Maximum Economic Yield in Oil Palm

The K+S KALI GmbH, a founding member of IPNI, is sponsoring one part of the BMP project to support the Southeast Asia Program in Indonesia and Malaysia. To maximize productivity in oil palm is a very important target on the way to serve the increasing population and the use of palm oil for biofuel.

Following on the success of a BMP project (Best Management Practise) at PT Asiatic Persada in Jambi (Indonesia), the regional Southeast Asia Program of the International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI) established a second BMP project on a larger scale. Now, two years after the establishment first results are evaluated which show positive responses on yield and additional net profit.   

The average palm oil yield increase in the past was moderate. New technologies, new management methods and innovations from research and development allow  to increase yield significantly without harming the environment. The BMP is an approach to give plantations guidelines how to manage effectively oil palms:


  • Decision making based on relevant information
  • Development of management units based on soil and plant surveys
  • Best Management Practise for optimal economic yield
  • Plant-based determination of nutrient needs
  • `Need-based` fertiliser use foe effective use of nutrient


The transfer of these guidelines is in responsibility of the plantation/ estate management. Continuously site visits including discussions with estate manager and agronomists complete the instalment of the BMP project and help to solve upcoming questions during the implementation.

Meanwhile nearly data of a two years period  at six trial sites  are evaluated. Every trial site consists of five BMP blocks and five reference blocks. Compared with the reference blocks which were run with the standard management practise, all BMP blocks show significantly higher FFB yields. The yield increase was mainly related to better crop recovery and an increase in bunch weight and bunch number. Because of a short harvesting interval in the BMP (7 days) more harvester are needed to recover bunches and loose fruits. Despite higher costs in the BMP blocks the  economic analyses show that the annual added value within the BMP blocks range between 150 USD ha-1 and 450 USD ha-1.

For more information please visit: www.ipni.net/seasia

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